5/6/10 The fruit (results) you have desired, which would likely be unopposed rule, is now obviously not going to happen. Once the saints were eradicated her authority and power would have been complete, and she gets very close to accomplishing her purposes. But something happens. The world will at once come to hate her and at the same time mourn over her destruction, for she was their last hope. They take up a figurative lament as they think of all they have lost by her destruction.
As they watch her crumble they do not assist her for they brought about her destruction. And according to v. 17 it happens in one hour, also stated earlier as one day, signifying a short time rather than a specific time.
The phrase “threw dust on their heads” recalls some Old Testament images, for instance Joshua 7 is the story of the defeat of Israel by Ai when Israel rebelled against God. It also recalls Job’s three friends mourning Job’s losses. The were “confused” friends. Also Lamentations uses similar imagery.